Is Golang the New Java for Developing Enterprise Applications?
Golang - or simply “Go” - is an open source programming language created by Google in 2007. Its purpose was to do away with the “extraneous garbage” of previous languages such as C and C++.
Golang is known for its faster compilation capabilities thanks to native concurrency processing, which means it can execute several computations during overlapping time periods as opposed to sequential processing. Because of this, Go has become increasingly popular for building cloud applications. (Both Docker and Kubernetes were developed using Go.)
Some of the most popular applications we use every day were created using Golang, including:
While it is obvious that Golang is the new “cool” kid on the block when it comes programming languages, the question is, will it ever completely replace Java development? The verdict is still out. But here’s a look at why developers are so gung-ho for Go.
Golang is easier to use
Both Golang and Java are easy to use for developers who are accustomed to C and C++ languages. However, Go doesn’t contain a very large feature set, which makes it a bit simpler and more similar to C.
Fewer versions means less outdated code
Another advantage of Golang vs. Java is that it’s a newer language and developers who are dealing with several different versions of Java are constantly having to make updates to outdated code.
Automatic memory management = increased speed
Golang provides automatic memory management or “garbage collection” which increases application speed. This makes it better suited for developing server-side web applications that need to scale.
Goroutines lighten the thread load
Go applications can maintain thousands of goroutines concurrently. A goroutine is similar to a thread in Java, but it requires a lot less memory.
Golang is easier to learn
Golang was designed to be easy for programmers to learn in a short period of time. It focuses on efficiency instead of elaborate coding mechanisms and features.
These are just a few of the reasons developers are turning to Golang instead of Java for their current enterprise projects. Java, however, remains the preferred programming language for Android projects. Whether or not Golang or a similar language will overtake Java in the future still remains to be seen.
If you’d like to learn more about Golang and whether or not it might be the best language for your current project, contact us. We’d be happy to help!